The Letter to Titus

After the apostle Paul's first imprisonment in Rome ended in about AD 61-62, the Lord strengthened the apostle to proclaim the message of the gospel so that all the Gentiles might hear it (cf. 2 Timothy 4:17). During the next five or so years (AD 62-67), Paul was very...

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1 & 2 Thessalonians

Not long after the Jerusalem counsel, Paul’s second missionary journey commenced in about AD 49 (cf. Acts 15:36, 40-41), with the churches in Galatia visited first (Acts 16:1-6a). Forbidden by the Holy Spirit to speak the word in Asia or Bithynia, a perplexed group of...

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The Epistle to the Colossians

Colossians is another of the four ‘prison epistles’ (cf. 1:24; 4:3, 10, 18) that Paul wrote (1:1, 23; 4:18) in about AD 60-61 during his first imprisonment in Rome (cf. Acts 28:30). The name “Colosse” is ‘possibly derived from Colossus, a large statue, which in turn...

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The Epistle to the Philippians

The church at Philippi started inauspiciously with a Gentile businesswoman, a Macedonian jailer and their households (Acts 16:12-40). This occurred in about AD 50 when, as part of Paul’s second missionary journey, he first brought the gospel to Europe (cf. Acts...

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Ephesians

Strategically located ‘on the west coast of Asia Minor, Ephesus possessed one of the few world-class harbours that existed in the Roman Empire, enabling it to serve as the intercontinental gateway linking Europe to Asia’ (Ger 2004:246). Ephesus was the capital city of...

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Galatians

The early Church had mostly Jewish believers in Christ (Acts 2-7). As the great commission moved further from Jerusalem and Judea, Samaritans and Gentiles also came to faith in Jesus Christ (Acts 8-11; cf. 1:8). When Barnabas and Paul were set aside by the Holy Spirit...

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1 & 2 Corinthians

During his second missionary journey, Paul moved from Athens to Corinth in about AD 51 (cf. Tenney 1985:291). During the next 18 months, Paul founded and established the local church in Corinth (Acts 18:1-11). Acting as a land bridge, the city of Corinth connected...

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Romans

After Paul’s third missionary journey, he wanted to go to Rome and then to Spain (Acts 19:21; 20:3-6; cf. Romans 15:24). According to the traditional view, Paul wrote the letter to Romans possibly in Corinth in AD 56-57 (Bailey & Constable 1999:249) or, according...

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The Gospel of John

The reason why the fourth Gospel about the Lord Jesus Christ was written is “that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that believing you may have life in His name” (20:31). This book is for believers and unbelievers, for babes in Christ and...

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The Gospel of Luke

Luke wrote the Gospel of Luke and the Book of Acts. Both books were addressed to “Theophilus”, a real person whose name in the Greek means “lover of God” (Luke 1:3-4; Acts 1:1-2). Because the longest book in the New Testament is systematically and “consecutively...

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The Gospel of Mark

The Gospel of Mark depicts Christ as the suffering yet powerful Servant of the Lord (Bailey & Constable 1999:67). Perhaps appropriate for a servant, Mark omits any genealogy. Christ fulfils the various Servant songs of Isaiah (42:1-9; 49:1-13; 50:4-11;...

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Keys of the Kingdom

When he confesses that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of the living God, Peter is blessed by given the keys of the kingdom (Matthew 16:16, 19). What did Peter really receive? What do these keys not mean? In a context where even John the Baptist wavered and others...

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